Benzoic Acid Production Business. Profitable Business Ideas in Chemical Industry
Benzoic acid, C6H5COOH, is a colourless crystalline solid and the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid. Benzoic acid occurs naturally free and bound as benzoic acid esters in many plant and animal species. Appreciable amounts have been found in most berries (around 0. 05%). Cranberries contain as much as 300-1300 mg free benzoic acid per kg fruit. Benzoic acid is a fungistatic compound that is widely used as a food preservative. It often is conjugated to glycine in the liver and excreted as hippuric acid. Benzoic acid is a byproduct of phenylalanine metabolism in bacteria. It is also produced when gut bacteria process polyphenols (from ingested fruits or beverages).
Benzoic acid has the advantage that it does not affect the odor or taste of the soft drink, if used in small quantities. The preserving quality of benzoic acid is based on its activity to delay the multiplication of several groups of microorganisms, which, however, are not killed by this product. The low solubility of benzoic acid in water complicates its application in products containing large amounts of water. Therefore, the water-soluble salt sodium benzoate is used.
Benzoic acid and its salts used as preservatives are represented by E- numbers, E210, E211, E212, and E213. Benzoates are salts and esters of Benzoic acid. Benzoic acid when used as a preservative is added with a concentration of 0.05-0.1% to the food products. The rising demands for packaged food and beverages fuel the demand for Benzoic acid market growth globally. Benzoic acid and benzoate are used to preserve acidified food products such as fruit juice, pickles (vinegar), sparkling drinks, etc. as the efficacy of both of them depends on the pH of food. Benzoic acid is also used in chemical, pharmaceutical, plastics, and in other industries. It is used for the production of Benzoate Plasticizer, Benzoyl Chloride, and Alkyd Resins. The application of Benzoic acid can also be traced in medical, dye intermediates, and for animal feed. Benzoic acid is used as a constituent for the treatment of fungal skin diseases such as ringworm, athlete’s foot, tinea, etc.
Benzoic acid is a common constituent in toothpastes, mouthwashes, deodorants, etc. in which it acts as an anti-microbial agent. The strong demand for the benzoate plasticizers also gives a positive outlook in the global expansion of its market.
The benzoic acid market is projected to grow from USD 1,009.9 Million in 2018 to USD 1,313.5 Million by 2023, at a CAGR of 5.4% from 2018 to 2023.
Benzoic acid is extensively used to manufacture sodium benzoate and potassium benzoate which are also known as its derivatives.
Increasing demand of packaged food and beverages drive the demand for Benzoic acid market across the world. Food preservation is necessary to increase the shelf life of the packaged food products which drives the growth of Benzoic acid market. Increasing demand for the replacement of phthalate plasticizers by benzoate plasticizers for different applications is likely to drive the demand for Benzoic acid market.
Rising population, higher income, and changing psychographics of Asian countries drive the growth of Benzoic acid market in the region. The consumption of Benzoic acid allows the market to remain relatively higher in the Asia-Pacific region, which will boost the advancement of this market. Rising demand for sodium and potassium benzoate also has been supporting the growth of Benzoic acid market. Per capita plastic consumption is following a higher rate in countries like India and China, which will enhance the demand for plasticizers and ultimately drive the market growth for Benzoic acid. Strict regulations in developed countries may limit the growth of alkyd resin and ultimately the Benzoic acid market. Benzoic acid is not dangerous when used in lower concentration. However, it can harm lungs and digestive tract after prolonged usage and exposure to the substance. Like any other chemicals, Benzoic acid also has some toxic properties which stagnates the growth of the market.
Increasing demand of preservatives to improve shelf life of the products coupled with growth in food & beverages industry is likely to drive benzoic acid market price trend over the forecast period. Consumers are shifting preference towards adoption of convenience food and ready-to-drink (RTD) beverages owing to hectic lifestyle particularly in key regions such as Europe and North America. Packaged food & beverages are gaining popularity with increase in availability of different product ranges. This factor requires food & beverages to be safe for consumption after days or weeks of production.
The global benzoic acid market is segmented by application into food & beverage (preservative), chemicals, plasticizers, animal feed, and others. Owing to the hectic lifestyle, consumer preference is shifting towards convenience food and ready-to-drink (RTD) beverages. Packaged food & beverage is gaining popularity, with the increase in availability of different product ranges. This requires food & beverages to be safe for consumption after days or weeks of production, which begets the use of benzoic acid derivatives as preservatives.
A key factor driving the growth of the market is high demand for benzoic acid from the food and beverage industry. Owing to its exceptional solubility and anti-fungal characteristics, benzoic acid is increasingly being used as a food preservative in the ever-growing food and beverage sector. Benzoic acid and its derivatives, including sodium benzoate and potassium benzoate, are used to preserve acidic food and beverage items, such as aerated drinks, fruit juices, and jams. Growth in the food preservative markets in China and India is likely to fuel the consumption of benzoic acid in the food and beverages industry throughout the forecast period. This, in turn, is expected to boost the growth of the benzoic acid market.
With the increasing awareness of healthy eating and living, rapid economic development, along with the increased per capita income and expenditure, the demand for processed and packaged foods has significantly increased over the years. Processing and packaging extend the shelf life of food products. As a result, food manufacturers use benzoates as food preservatives to keep packaged foods fresh for long durations. The increasing use of benzoic acid and its derivative compounds as food preservatives will positively influence the global benzoic acid market during the forecast period.
On the basis of end use, the global benzoic acid market is segmented into food and beverage, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and others. By application, the global benzoic acid market is segmented into sodium benzoate, potassium benzoate, benzyl benzoate, benzoate plasticizers, alkyd resins, benzoyl chloride, feed additives, and others. By region, the global benzoic acid market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East & Africa.
The chemical industry also has an increased demand for the benzoic acid thus boosting the market growth. Increasing investments in the oil & gas refinery processing are also projected to augment the demand for benzoic acid over the forecast period. The growth of the pulp and paper segment is directly attributed to the growth of the paper recycling industry. The food & packaging end-user segment expected to be the major growth driver for the benzoic acid market in the forecast period.
Major players in the global Benzoic Acid Market are Emerald Kalama, Shree Hari Chemicals Export Ltd., Novaphene, Chemcrux Enterprises Ltd., and Wuhan Youji Industries among others. ‘Emerald Kalama’ declared in 2015 that it would spend heavily on the production of high purity benzoic acid-based products at Rotterdam. The company has also collaborated with The Chemical Company (TCC) to distribute its K-Flex plasticizers. This can expand its global reach immensely.
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