Butene-1 Manufacturing Industry. Industrial Production of 1-Butene
Butene-1 Market in Asia Pacific to reach US$787.8 million by 2026
Butene-1 is a colourless flammable gas. Butene-1 is used as co monomer in the production of high density polyethylene (HDPE) and linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE).
1-Butene, an organic chemical belonging to the family of alpha olefins, is a colourless combustible gas. There are various methods of production of 1-Butene, such as from refinery crude stream of C4 hydrocarbons and natural gas, dehydrogenation of butane and dimerization of ethylene, which is stored and transported as compressed liquefied gas.
It finds major applications as co-monomer in manufacture of high density poly-ethylene (HDPE), linear low density poly-ethylene (LLDPE), which are used for food and non-food packaging such as bags and stretch wraps, toys, containers, pipes, etc., in production of polyethylene/ polypropylene resins having properties such as flexibility as well as high tear strength. 1-Butene is also used to produce valeraldehyde, polybutene, butadiene, butylene oxide, maleic anhydride, Secondary Butyl Alcohol (SBA) and Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK). In addition to this, 1-Butene finds application as an intermediate for manufacturing of plasticizers, antioxidants, corrosion inhibitors, herbicides and as additives used in hydraulic and lubricating oils.
1-Butene is predominantly used in the production of polyethylene. It is used as a comonomer in a range of polyethylene applications such as flexible and rigid packaging. It is also used in oilfield drilling applications, as it has low volatility, low odor, and aids in anaerobic biodegradation in marine environment.
The global 1-Butene market is projected to reach USD 4.21 billion by 2021, at a CAGR of 7.1% from 2016 to 2021. The linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) segment led the 1-Butene market, due to increasing demand of LLDPE across industries such as packaging, food & beverages, and construction. The global supply-demand scenario, regional trade flow analysis, price analysis of 1-Butene and plant capacity of the leading players are covered in the report. The 1-Butene market has been segmented on the basis of application (LLDPE, HDPE, Valeraldehyde, and others), and by region (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of the World).
Strong demand for polyethylene, the largest market sector at 65%, will keep butene-1 in demand despite competition from other co-monomers hexane-1 and octane-1. Linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) resins are growing at respective rates of 1.5% and 3% annually. Because of the co-monomer displacement by other alkenes in the fastest growing segments of the polyethylenes, butane-1 will experience growth of somewhat less than half the thermoplastics' growth rates.
Butene-1 is less expensive than the alternative co-monomers, so the loss in market share is somewhat mitigated by the more favorable economics of production.
The Asia Pacific market for butene-1 is highly consolidated in terms of geography and is dominated by China. While India and ASEAN countries are key contributors to the market’s revenues, they have a scarcity of suppliers as well as large-scale manufacturers of butene-1, and the markets are thus undersupplied. The market in China, on the other hand, is oversupplied and helps satisfy the demand for butene-1 in the rest of the Asia Pacific.
Of the key applications of butene-1, the segment of polyethylene co-monomers account for over 65% of the overall market. In terms of geography, China held a nearly 64% share in the market and is expected to continue dominance over the forecast period as well. Presence of a large supplier base and vast production facilities have made the China butene-1 market oversupplied.
The demand for alpha olefins is also likely to increase in the Middle East owing to large-scale oilfield drilling activities in the region. In addition, 1-Butene is used as a copolymer in the production of gasoline, butadiene, and other products, which increases its scope of applications in the developing countries.
In addition to these factors, the Asia Pacific market for butene-1 is also driven by the expansion of the packaging industry in the region in the past few years. Plastic packaging materials form one of the core segments of the packaging industry. As a large number of plastic packaging materials are prepared from polybutylene-1, the flourishing packaging market is also expected to have a significant positive impact on the overall development of the Asia Pacific butene-1 market.
The main reason for the high demand for 1-Butene can be attributed to the increasing consumption of plastics and automobiles, which are its largest end-use industries. The growing plastics industry worldwide drives the market for 1-Butene, and demand is expected to be higher in emerging countries. The rising demand for plastic packaging in food, pharmaceutical, and other industries is boosting the plastics market, which in turn is expected to drive the alpha olefins market. 1-Butene is used as a copolymer in the production of gasoline, butadiene, and other products, which increases its scope of applications.
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