Calcium Bromide Manufacturing Industry. Calcium Bromide (CaBr2) Factory. Bromine Compounds Business Ideas & Opportunities
Calcium bromide (CaBr2) is a single salt clear brine fluid of 14.2 lbs/gal density. Calcium Bromide is a chemical compound that is used along with calcium chloride in well completion operations to make the solids free from brines. After the process the solids should have densities lying in the range of 11.5 to 14.5 ppg. Brine is usually produced along with oil and it provides osmotic wellbore stability while drilling water-sensitive shale zones.
Calcium bromide is an odorless white powder that reacts readily with water. It is the calcium salt of hydrobromic acid, a strong acid used to generate other compounds with industrial uses. Financial markets now track calcium bromide and related compounds due to their importance in a number of different sectors.
Uses and Applications:
Calcium bromide is used in two main applications – clear brine fluids in oil & gas and as an oxidizer for mercury emissions control. In upstream oil and gas, calcium bromide is used to control wellbore pressures during completion and workover operations. Calcium Bromide powder, dissolved in water or other brines, yields completion, workover and packer fluids with a maximum density of 15.3 ppg/1.83 s.g. It is useful in adjusting the density of fresh or recycled workover, completion and packer brines.
Calcium bromide has the following features/benefits:
· It is non-damaging to the formation,
· It is thermally and chemically stable,
· It can be blended with other solutions containing bromides and chlorides, and
· It contains 52 percent by weight calcium bromide in solution.
· Calcium bromide can be used with calcium chloride brines and dry calcium chloride to formulate non-damaging fluids of densities from 11.7 lbs/gal to 15.1 lbs/gal.
Global Clear Brine Fluids (Calcium Bromide) Market
Growing drilling activities across China, Egypt, Russia, Gulf of Mexico and the U.S. on account of growing energy demand is expected to remain a key driving factor for global clear brine fluids market. Asia Pacific accounted for 10% of total deep water drilling investment made in 2012. Increasing demand for clear brine fluids such as Calcium Bromide, Zinc Bromide as an alternative to conventional drilling fluids is expected to benefit the global market.
The rapid growth of the clear brine fluids segment is attributed to the growing demand for oil & gas drilling activities and workover operations. In the oil & gas industry, clear brine fluids are specially used to control formation pressure as well as lessen damage in oil reservoirs. Calcium bromide, a salt of bromine, which is part of clear brine fluids, is also used for mercury emission control at coal fired power plants. Thus, the growing consumption of clear brine fluids in the above mentioned applications drives their market globally.
Bromine derivatives are mainly categorized into two segments, inorganic bromine derivative and organic bromine derivatives. Inorganic bromine derivatives mainly includes Calcium Bromide, Potassium Bromide & Sodium Bromide. Organic bromine derivatives includes Ethylene dibromide, Methyl Bromide, Hydrobromic Acid (Hydrogen Bromide), Tetrabromobisphenol A, Decabromodiphenyl Oxide and Octabromodiphenyl oxide.
The rising use of brine fluids derived from zinc bromide, sodium bromide and calcium bromide in the homogenous extraction of oil and gas will continue to drive the market growth to a higher extent. Tetrabromobisphenol A, commonly known as TBBPA, is expected to be the most consumed derivative, and accounted for 219,640.2 MT in terms of volume in 2016. In terms of application, flame retardants will continue to be the major application segment in the bromine derivatives market. The segment registered a total revenue of US$ 1.7 Bn in 2016.
The global bromine derivatives market has witnessed a significant level of developments involving organic and inorganic growth by the leading bromine derivatives manufacturers in the past 3-5 years.
The high demand for flame retardant plastics from automotive & consumer electronics industries is expected to propel the demand for bromine derivatives to a significant extent. Also, the present rate of urbanization is expected to boost the demand for various plastic products for buildings that require flame retardants as a mandatory requirement.
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