Pectin is a naturally occurring substance present in all plant tissue, calcium pectin being present between the cell walls and serving as a strengthening or building agent. Fruits naturally possessing relatively large amount of pectin include lemons, bitter oranges, apples, quinees, grooselevvies, currants and plums. It is less plentiful in fruits such as black berries, raspberries, strawberries and cherries. Pectin is a group of complex materials of very high molecular weight, which are able to form a gel in the presence of correct amounts of acidity and sugar. In the presence of fruit juice the gel will usually form when the concentration of sugar, acid and pectin are 68, 1 and 1 percent respectively. The pectinâ€™s in fruits juices are derived from proto pectin, an insoluble form of polygalacturomides whose structure is still to be elucidated. The normal processes of ripening cause the dehydration of insoluble proto pectin into pectinâ€™s (or pectinic acids) and associated polysaccharides, and many of the physical changes in the structure of fruit and vegetable tissues coinciding with ripening are due to these changes in the pectin constituents. The pectin eventually passes into a gelatinous condition slightly soluble in water. It is suggested that pectin fundamentally comprises long-chain polygalacturomide molecules with only minor hydrogen bonding between chains. High jelly grade pectinâ€™s are those where minimum chain dehydration has taken place and about half of the glacturonic acid groups are condensed as methyl esters. Pectin acid is the completely demethylated product possessing no power of forming sugar acid gels as required in the preserving industry. Citrus pectin is usually sold in a finely powdered condition. Pectin is available commercially in both liquid and powdered form. It has generally been extracted from either apples or citrus fruits. Pectinâ€™s are graded for the food industry. Grading is done according to sugar-carrying power. The field of uses and applications of pectin show that there is vast consumption scope of pectin. It is very widely used in food and food processing industries. These are important ingredient and basic raw material for a large number of food products. For example, it is used in preparation of jam, jelly, sauces, pickles, ice cream, confectionery, drinks and a number of various food products. The market potential can be analyzed on the basis of the growth prospects of its users industries. The food processing units have been mushrooming at a rapid pace. Apart from the indigenous consumption, there is a demand of pectin in export market. This industry may prove to be a good foreign exchange earner. The supply is always lagging far behind its production. Its demand is increasing tremendously and the major requirement is being fulfilled through import. There is a good scope to venture into this field for new entrepreneurs.