A lubricant is a substance introduced to reduce friction between moving surfaces. It may also have the function of transporting foreign particles. The property of reducing friction is known as lubricity. (Slipperiness). A good lubricant possesses the following characteristics: High boiling point , Low freezing point ,High viscosity index , Thermal stability , Corrosion prevention , High resistance to oxidation. Lubricants are typically used to separate moving parts in a system. This has the benefit of reducing friction and surface fatigue, together with reduced heat generation, operating noise and vibrations. Lubricants may contain additives known as friction modifiers that chemically bind to metal surfaces to reduce surface friction even when there is insufficient bulk lubricant present for hydrodynamic lubrication, e.g. protecting the valve train in a car engine at startup. On average, lubricating oils, which quantitatively account for about 90% of lubricant consumption, consist of about 93% base oils and 7% chemical additives and other components (between 0.5 and 40 %). A solid or semisolid lubricant consisting of a thickening agent (soap or other additives) in a fluid lubricant (usually petroleum lubricating oil) is called grease.Grease is a lubricant which has been thickened in order that it remains in contact with moving surfaces and not leak out under gravity or centrifugal action. Functions of lubricating grease:- Reduce Wear and Tear , Sealant to Contaminants , Prevent Corrosion, Prevent Rust , Heat Transmission , Resist. The production of simple lubricants normally involves blending processes but specialties often require the use of chemical processes such as saponification (in the case of greases), esterification (when manufacturing ester base oils or additives) or amidation (when manufacturing components for metalworking lubricants). Further manufacturing processes include drying, filtration, homogenizing, dispersion or distillation. Throughout the world, industrial applications account for most of the grease used for railroad, general manufacturing, steel production and mining predominate Among automotive applications, trucks and buses account for the majority of grease used, followed by agricultural/construction equipment and passenger cars. Thus, Lubricants Blending Plant as an entrepreneur, offers an exciting opportunity to you. Few Indian Major Players are as under â€¢ Alicid Organic Inds. Ltd. â€¢ Asia Refinery Ltd. â€¢ Bharat Petroleum Corpn. Ltd. â€¢ Bharat Shell Ltd. â€¢ Burmah Petro Products Ltd. â€¢ Caltex Lubricants India Ltd. â€¢ Canara Sales Corpn. Ltd. â€¢ Castrol India Ltd. â€¢ Chemoleums Ltd. â€¢ Continental Petroleums Ltd. â€¢ Gantley Speciality Products Ltd. â€¢ Gujarat Indo-Lube Ltd. â€¢ Gujarat Oiland Inds. Ltd. â€¢ Gujarat Speciality Lubes Ltd. â€¢ Gulf Carosserie India Ltd. â€¢ Gulf Oil Corpn. Ltd. â€¢ Gulf Oil India Limited â€¢ Gulf Oil India Ltd. â€¢ Houghton Hardcastle (I) Ltd. â€¢ Iccon Oil & Specialities Ltd. â€¢ Indian Additives Ltd. â€¢ Indian Oil Blending Ltd. â€¢ Lubrizol India Pvt. Ltd. â€¢ M P Petrochem Ltd. â€¢ Motorol (India) Ltd. â€¢ Motorol Speciality Oils Ltd. â€¢ Nandan Petrochem Ltd. â€¢ Panama Petrochem Ltd. â€¢ Paras Lubricants Ltd. â€¢ Petrosil Lubricants Ltd. â€¢ Powerlink Oil Refinery Ltd. â€¢ Renaissance Petrolube Ltd. â€¢ Sagar Petroleums Ltd. â€¢ Sah Petroleums Ltd. â€¢ Savita Oil Technologies Ltd. â€¢ Savita Polymers Ltd. â€¢ Shiva Petro-Synth Specialities Ltd. â€¢ Southern Refineries Ltd. â€¢ Speciality Petrolubes Ltd. â€¢ Sunstar Lubricants Ltd. â€¢ Tata B P Lubricants India Ltd. â€¢ Tide Water Oil Co. (India) Ltd. â€¢ Total Lubricants India Ltd. â€¢ Unique Oils India Ltd. â€¢ Universal Petrochemicals Ltd. â€¢ Valvoline Cummins Ltd. â€¢ Velloils Lubricants & Petrochem Ltd. â€¢ Waxpol Industries Ltd. â€¢ Witmans Petrochem Pvt. Ltd.