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Manufacturing of Gold and Diamond Jewellery

Capacity 0 Plant and Machinery cost 0.00 Lakhs
Working Capital 0.00 Rate of Return (ROR) 0.00 %
Break Even Point (BEP) 0.00 % TCI 0.00 Lakhs
Cost of Project 0.00Lakhs



Manufacturing of Gold and Diamond Jewellery. Opportunities for Entrepreneurs to Start Own Business of Gold and Diamond Jewellery.

Jewellery or Jewellery consists of decorative things worn for personal adornment, similar to brooches, rings, necklaces, earrings, pendants, bracelets, and cufflinks. Jewellery could also be attached to the body or the clothes. From a western perspective, the term is restricted to durable ornaments, excluding flowers as an example. For many centuries metal, usually combined with gemstones, has been the normal material for Jewellery, however different materials similar to shells and other plant materials could also be used.

Yellow gold is what most of the people envision after they think of gold Jewellery. Due to its colour, many of us assume that yellow gold is of a higher purity than white gold or rose gold. However, 18 carat yellow gold contains a similar amount of pure gold as 18 carat white or rose gold. The distinction in its colour comes from the very fact that this gold alloy contains silver, copper and zinc, which allows it to retain its golden colour. Yellow gold continues to be very popular round the world because it's the most hypo-allergenic and it requires {the least the smallest quantity} amount of maintenance of the three colors.

For the Indian culture, jewelries plays a symbolic role. They carry ethnic and spiritual meanings, especially during weddings. The pieces of jewelries worn by the bride signifies that she is to become a part of her husband’s family unit. They’re a part of the purification ritual as she becomes a part of the extended family of her bridegroom.

Indians give importance to the nuances of bridal jewelries. The heavier the nuances of those jewelries are the larger role they play within the legacy of the family and also the Jewellery itself. So before giving the jewelries to the bride, the family usually makes sure that they're significant with a lot of distinct designs.

Methods of Manufacturing Jewellery

There are four manufacturing methods, almost all the Jewellery is made with the combination of various methods:-


In a hand-fabricated item, every element is formed, assembled, joined and finished manually or using hand tools. The quality of a hand-fabricated piece depends on the skills of the craftsman. It is useful for projects that involve combining multiple gems from old mounting.



Also known as Investment Casing, this method is used for mass production as well as to make one-of-a-kind pieces. This type of manufacturing involves use of wax moulds to make silica shells in which metal is poured and allowed to harden. It is named so, since wax used for casting a mould is lost in the process.



The process starts with the manufacture of a steel pattern called a die, specially fashioned to create a particular Jewellery item or component. A die-striking machine cuts out blanks of the size and shape needed for the Jewellery to be made. The metal blanks, gold, silver etc. are struck between two dies, which forces the metal to enter each crevice in the die. It is often used to achieve styles that are strong and lightweight. It allows die-struck Jewellery to be thin and lightweight without sacrificing durability. Die struck items need less finishing than cast and hand-fabricated stuff.



In this, wax copies are created and then coated with a thin, electrically charged layer of metal. The copies are then submerged in an electrically charged liquid that contains precious metal particles. These particles stick to the wax copies in layers. The wax melts out through a small hole in the rigid precious metal shell. This creates hollow Jewellery that’s surprisingly big, bold, lightweight, durable and comfortable.

Gold Rules in India

The preference on Indian customers for usual low-margin gold Jewellery products is based on long entrenched cultural drivers. That is no longer about in conformity with change. Gold forms a bond of affection from generation after generation. It has been central to the celebration over marriage in India because a very long time.

Gold between India is also universally valued a store about wealth. That is the ignoble major driver of demand. Gold Jewellery products provide a tangible way to preserve wealth while at the identical time serving the cultural function of providing decoration and displaying wealth. Indian consumers will usually flavour gold above other Jewellery materials because of its dual role.

Nevertheless, growing purchasing power gives them the opportunity according to buy complementary Jewellery such as much platinum Jewellery or diamond Jewellery. Overall, community in India is modernizing and becoming less traditional. Consumers have shown a willingness to amplify usual demand because gold Jewellery including purchases of Jewellery made from other precious materials kind of diamonds then platinum. At steady gold prices, demand because such products will grow faster than make a bid because of gold Jewellery products actually due to the fact such is still into the nascent stage

Government Initiatives

The Government of India made hallmarking mandatory for Gold Jewellery and Artefacts. A period of one year is provided for implementation i.e. till January 2021.

As per Union Budget 2019-20, the GST rate has been reduced from 18 per cent to 5 per cent (*5 per cent without Input Tax Credit (ITC)) for services by way of job work in relation to gems and Jewellery, leather goods, textiles etc.

The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has revised the standard on gold hallmarking in India from January 2018. The gold Jewellery hallmark will now carry a BIS mark, purity in carat and fitness as well as the unit’s identification and the jeweler’s identification mark. The move is aimed at ensuring a quality check on gold Jewellery.          

The Gems and Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) to build India’s largest Jewellery Park in at Ghansoli in Navi-Mumbai on a 25 acres land with about more than 5000 Jewellery units of various sizes ranging from 500-10,000 square feet. The overall investment of Rs 13,500 crore (US$ 2.09 billion).

Gold Monetization Scheme enables individuals, trusts and mutual funds to deposit gold with banks and earn interest on the same in return.


The Gems and Jewellery sector is witnessing changes in consumer preferences due to adoption of western lifestyle. Consumers are demanding new designs and varieties in Jewellery, and branded jewelers are able to fulfil their changing demands better than the local unorganized players. Moreover, increase in per capita income has led to an increase in sales of Jewellery, as Jewellery is a status symbol in India.

The cumulative Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in diamond and gold ornaments in the period April 2000 – December 2019 were US$ 1.17 billion, according to Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).

Some of the key investments in this industry are listed below:

Deals worth Rs 8,000 crore (US$ 1.19 billion) were made at the Indian International Jewellery Show held in August 2018.

Consumption of Jewellery in India will get Stronger

India is back to being number one in gold Jewellery consumption by volume, still number one in diamond Jewellery consumption by volume and number four in platinum Jewellery consumption. The country can remain the most important marketplace for precious Jewellery in terms of potential for many years to come back.

However, what's less clear is that the anticipated level of income growth. As an instance, many of us believe India is that the next China in terms of economic growth potential. At Equity Communications, view is that such beliefs are most optimistic based on understanding of India's structural deficiencies and business culture problems. Thinking is that india can stumble on at four to 7 percent annual gdp rate of growth - however still good enough to move a large number of Indians out of poverty.

Like each different category, Jewellery also saw a tremendous growth this year. There was ne'er a much better time to enter into this market. The audience is ready, the backend process is set up, logistic chains are established, and most importantly customers trust is established. In addition to the current, new millennial generation buys Jewellery differently. They’re not progressing to family jewelers anymore; most of them are placed far away from home and would trust a worldwide online brand more than an offline store in their current city.

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The growth potential is phenomenal in current scenario. Next few years will definitely see hockey stick growth in Jewellery category. Currently imitation leads this race, closely followed by precious. In current scenario also imitation has already captured 3% of overall market and growing with CAGR of 32%.

Market Outlook

The demand of Gold Jewellery demand in India has been subdued within the last 5 years ending FY19, affected by series of regulatory measures aimed at purging black money and formalizing the business and fall in investment demand given its lower returns compared to different quality categories. Demand for gems and Jewellery in India is predominantly concentrated within the southern region. South India gems and Jewellery market is probably going to register growth over the course of next 5 years, primarily because of the presence of a large range of market players and aggressive marketing strategies adopted by companies. Moreover, increasing brand consciousness along with rising middle class population in the region is expected to aid the region’s gems & Jewellery market.

India’s Jewellery and gem sector is among the fastest growing industries of the country, with the speed of growth recorded at approximately 15%. The most reason for the growth of the Jewellery business is attributed to domestic consumption during the festive seasons, wedding season, the monsoons and therefore the performance of the harvest.

For instance, a firm that produces gold Jewellery might agree to sell the metal to customers as they physically purchase gold. Say if a jeweller needs 200 ounces of gold to produce 1000 gold rings. The production process might consume two weeks of his / her time, and within the same period, the consumer might not be willing to deal with the price risk. In this case, the jeweller might value more highly to sell a gold contract (200 ounces) on one in every of the gold exchanges and purchase physical gold at the same time for production purposes.

Increasing disposable income and innovative Jewellery designs offered by manufacturers are anticipated to drive the demand for jewelry. Moreover, changing lifestyle and perception of Jewellery as a standing symbol is expected to boost the growth of this market. To boot, growing acceptance of Jewellery among men is another factor propelling market growth. Products similar to cufflinks, plain gold chains, cufflinks, tie bar, cartography necklaces, and signet rings are few of the products common among men.

Gold is that the most popular metal used for making Jewellery across the globe. It held the most important market share and was valued at USD 117.1 billion because of increase in exports and imports of gold. Increasing of developing countries like India and China is one in all the most important reasons for the growth of gold Jewellery.

Moreover, engagement and wedding diamond rings are quite common in most of the developed countries. In addition, availability of synthetic or laboratory-grown diamonds is propelling the growth of the diamond Jewellery segment. Synthetic diamonds are as real as natural diamonds as they need a similar internal structure. However, these diamonds are 20%-40% less expensive as compared to natural diamonds.

Based on its potential for growth and value addition, the government of India has declared the Gems and Jewellery sector as a focus area for export promotion. The government has recently undertaken various measures to market investments and to upgrade technology and skills to promote ‘Brand India’ within the international market.

Diamond-studded rings are gaining traction because of increase in demand for diamond Jewellery. Additionally, platinum love rings are becoming popular and are worn by many couples as a symbol of love. Moreover, many Brazilian styles involve rings with various colorful gems mounted on them. Rising customer inclination towards studded Jewellery could be a key factor boosting the segment growth.

India is that the world’s largest cutting and polishing centre for diamonds, with the cutting and polishing business being well supported by government policies. Moreover, India exports 75 per cent of the world’s polished diamonds, as per statistics from the Gems and Jewellery Export promotion Council (GJEPC). India's Gems and Jewellery sector has been contributing during a big way to the country's exchange earnings (FEEs). The government of India has viewed the sector as a thrust area for export promotion. The Indian government presently permits 100 per cent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) within the sector through the automatic route. The world employs over 4.64 million employees and is expected to use 8.23 million.

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The diamond jewelry market was valued at about 82 billion U.S. dollars worldwide. Silver and platinum are two other commonly used jewelry materials, though platinum jewelry has seen a decrease in popularity over the last several years. Dollar strength is the major factor behind the rise in the prices of gold and silver. When dollar weakens, investors from around the world begin to sell the currency and buy gold in exchange for security purposes. Owing to this factor, the demand for gold increases which results in increase in the price of gold. This factor poses to be a huge restraint in the jewelry manufacturing market. In addition, poor economic condition is another factor acting as a hindrance to the global jewelry manufacturing market. Weak economic conditions force the investors to put their money on gold, due to which the price for gold goes up.

Jewelry includes ornaments that are worn for personal adornment. Jewelries are made of gold, diamond, and other precious metals such as platinum, silver, and gems. Jewelries play an important role in the lifestyle of Indian people and they associate jewelries with a number of reasons such as status, long-term investment, and hedge against inflation.

The Gems and Jewellery sector plays a significant role in the Indian economy, contributing around 7 per cent of the country’s GDP and 15 per cent to India’s total merchandise exports. It also employs over 4.64 million workers and is expected to employ 8.23 million by 2022. One of the fastest growing sectors, it is extremely export oriented and labour intensive. Based on its potential for growth and value addition, the Government of India has declared the Gems and Jewellery sector as a focus area for export promotion. The Government has recently undertaken various measures to promote investments and to upgrade technology and skills to promote Brand India in the international market.


Key Players

A B Jewels Pvt. Ltd.

A V R Swarnamahal Jewelry Pvt. Ltd

Bhagyam Gem & Jewellery Pvt. Ltd.

Damara Gold Pvt. Ltd.

Colibri Group

Billig Jewelers

Swarovski Group

Senco Gold Ltd

Shangold India Ltd.

Shri Coimbatore Jewellers India Pvt. Ltd.

Kalyan Jewellers India Private Limited

PC Jewellers Limited

Gitanjali Gems Limited

Malabar Gold Private Limited

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Ø  Introduction

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·         Properties

·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Provision & Specification

·         Uses & Applications


Ø  Market Study and Assessment

·         Current Indian Market Scenario

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·         Names & Addresses of Existing Units (Present Players)

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Project at a Glance

Along with financial details as under:


  •     Assumptions for Profitability workings

  •    Plant Economics

  •    Production Schedule

  •    Land & Building

            Factory Land & Building

            Site Development Expenses

  •    Plant & Machinery

             Indigenous Machineries

            Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)

  •    Other Fixed Assets

            Furniture & Fixtures

            Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

            Technical Knowhow

            Provision of Contingencies

  •   Working Capital Requirement Per Month

             Raw Material

            Packing Material

            Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

           Consumable Store

  •   Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

         Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

             Royalty and Other Charges

            Selling and Distribution Expenses

  •    Salary and Wages

  •    Turnover Per Annum

  •   Share Capital

            Equity Capital

            Preference Share Capital


  •    Annexure 1:: Cost of Project and Means of Finance

  •    Annexure 2::  Profitability and Net Cash Accruals


                Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

                Gross Profit

                Financial Charges     

                Total Cost of Sales

                Net Profit After Taxes

                Net Cash Accruals

  •   Annexure 3 :: Assessment of Working Capital requirements

                Current Assets

                Gross Working. Capital

                Current Liabilities

                Net Working Capital

                Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process

  •    Annexure 4 :: Sources and Disposition of Funds

  •    Annexure 5 :: Projected Balance Sheets

                ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

                RONW (Average of Share Capital)

                ROI (Average of Total Assets)

  •    Annexure 6 :: Profitability ratios


                Earnings Per Share (EPS)


             Debt Equity Ratio

        Annexure 7   :: Break-Even Analysis

                Variable Cost & Expenses

                Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

                Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

                Fixed Expenses / Cost 


  •   Annexure 8 to 11:: Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

            Resultant N.P.B.T

            Resultant D.S.C.R

   Resultant PV Ratio

   Resultant DER

  Resultant ROI

          Resultant BEP

  •    Annexure 12 :: Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

        Equity Capital

        Preference Share Capital

  •   Annexure 13 :: Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

        Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

        Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

        Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

       Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   

  •    Annexure 14 :: Product wise domestic Sales Realisation

  •    Annexure 15 :: Total Raw Material Cost

  •    Annexure 16 :: Raw Material Cost per unit

  •    Annexure 17 :: Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

  •    Annexure 18  :: Consumables, Store etc.,

  •    Annexure 19  :: Packing Material Cost

  •    Annexure 20  :: Packing Material Cost Per Unit

  •    Annexure 21 :: Employees Expenses

  •    Annexure 22 :: Fuel Expenses

  •    Annexure 23 :: Power/Electricity Expenses

  •    Annexure 24 :: Royalty & Other Charges

  •    Annexure 25 :: Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

  •    Annexure 26 :: Other Mfg. Expenses

  •    Annexure 27 :: Administration Expenses

  •    Annexure 28 :: Selling Expenses

  •    Annexure 29 :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

  •   Annexure 30   :: Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

  •   Annexure 31   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

  •   Annexure 32   :: Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

  •   Annexure 33   :: Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

  •   Annexure 34   :: Tax on Profits

  •   Annexure 35   ::Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR