Sodium Chlorite (NaClO2) Manufacturing Industry. Direct Electrolysis Process from Sodium Chloride to Sodium Chlorite
Sodium Chlorite is a white crystalline solid. Difficult to burn, but accelerates the burning of organic substances. Forms explosive mixtures with certain combustible materials. May explode under prolonged exposure to heat or fire. Used in water purification, to bleach wood pulp, textile, fats, oils; and for many other uses. Sodium chlorite is an inorganic sodium salt in which chlorite is the counterion. It has a role as an oxidising agent. It is an inorganic sodium salt and a chlorite salt.
Sodium chlorite is a salt-based chemical that also features the element chlorine. It has several practical uses and is very similar to sodium chlorate, a common food additive.
· Chemical Composition
Sodium chlorite is the product of three elements: sodium (Na), chlorine (Cl) and oxygen. In each molecule, one sodium atom and one chlorine atom bind with two oxygen atoms. The chemical equation for this composition is NaClO2. It is found in solid form as a white powder and is also water-soluble. Under high heat, it can be explosive.
Sodium chlorite has widespread application in agriculture. It can be combined with citric acid, which helps acidify it, and applied to food products as an antimicrobial treatment. This treatment can be used on meats, poultry, fish, fruits and vegetables. It can be applied in food and water treatments to kill various microbials and parasites without eliminating healthy bacteria needed by our digestive system.
· Oxidizing Power
One of the primary uses of sodium chlorite is as an oxidizer. It is helpful in bleaching various types of materials, such as wood, oils, and other textile products. It can help deactivate many types of poisons by interacting with them and changing their chemical composition. The oxidizing powers of sodium chlorite also make it a useful pesticide and herbicide.
· A bleaching agent (generates chlorine dioxide)
Mainly in the textile & paper industries, but also in low concentrations in mouthwashes, toothpastes & eye drops.
The growing healthcare and sanitation industry is a key driver for the market of sodium chlorite. Sodium chlorite is used as an anti-microbial agent and disinfectant, owing to which it finds use in hospital operation theatres, waiting rooms and critical care units. Additionally, they are used in the food and poultry industry. Chlorine dioxide is used extensively in public water supplies as it is less harmful than the traditionally used chlorine for water purification. The growing urban population is responsible for the increase in consumption of sodium chlorite used for water purification.
Additionally, the growing healthcare industry is driving the market of sodium chlorite. However, sodium chlorite is a strong oxidizing agent and it must therefore be handled with caution. Sodium chlorite is being researched for its use in the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; this is expected to open new areas of opportunities for sodium chlorite, if conclusive results for its use to treat this disease are obtained.
Key drivers propelling the growth of sodium chlorite market are high demand of sodium chlorite from pulp industry, usage of sodium chlorite for antimicrobial agent in operation theatres coupled with usage of sodium chlorite for water purification. Moreover, increase in urban population which increases sodium chlorite usage due to water purification coupled with sodium chlorite effectiveness against preventing the progression of lateral sclerosis disease are few more important factor boosting the sodium chlorite market.
Demand for sodium chlorite from various industries such as food and beverages, synthetic ad cotton fabrics, along with pest control manufacturing units also contributing to the overall growth of sodium chlorite market. However, availability of alternatives such as ozone and hydrogen peroxide used for pulp bleaching is expected to hamper the growth of the market. Also, increasing cost of raw material combined with competitive price standards are most likely to affect the profit margins of the players in the industry.
By type, global sodium chlorite market is subdivided into liquid and solid form while textile, disinfectant, antimicrobial agent, bleaching agent, and others are its applications. Use of antimicrobial agent is mainly driven by food processing industry while bleaching agents finds use in paper and pulp industry industries due to its oxidizing properties. By end-use, sodium chlorite market is segmented into water treatment, paper, medical, and textile.
Global Sodium Chlorite market size will increase to Million US$ by 2025, from Million US$ in 2018, at a CAGR of during the forecast period. Superior antimicrobial, bleaching and disinfectant properties offered by the product is expected to drive its demand in water treatment, pulp & paper, medical and textile applications.
By geography, global sodium chlorite market is categorized into North America, Europe, Asia- Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. Asia Pacific leads the market and is anticipated to continue to be the market leader in the upcoming years mainly owing to high demand for sodium chlorite from paper and pulp application in this region. North America, Europe and MEA are forecasted to be relatively sluggish primarily due to decline in paper and pulp industry in the region.
Key players across the global sodium chlorite market value chain are:
Alfa Aesar, Akzo Nobel N.V. (Eka Chemicals), Kemira, ABI Chemicals, Be Pharm, DuPont, OxyChem, Finetech Industry, Shanghai IS Chemical Technology, AOK Chem, Erco Worldwide among others.
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