Synthetic Red Iron Oxide Manufacturing Business. Production of Iron Oxide Pigments. Synthetic Iron Oxide Factory
Synthetic red iron oxide is the most common colorant in ceramics and has the highest amount of iron. It is available commercially as a soft and very fine powder made by grinding ore material or heat processing ferrous/ferric sulphate or ferric hydroxide. During firing all irons normally decompose and produce similar colors in glazes and clay bodies (although they have differing amounts of Fe metal per gram of powder). Red iron oxide is available in many different shades from a bright light red at a deep red maroon, these are normally designated by a scale from about 120-180 (this number designation should be on the bags from the manufacturer, darker colors are higher numbers), however in ceramics these different grades should all fire to a similar temperature since they have the same amount iron. The different raw colors are a product of the degree of grinding.
Synthetic Iron Oxides have become increasingly important due to their pure hue, consistent properties, and tinting strength. Single-component forms are mainly produced with red, yellow, orange and black colours. Their composition corresponds to that of minerals hematite, goethite, lepidocrocite, and magnetite. Brown pigments usually consist of mixtures of red and/or yellow and/or black iron oxides.
Uses of Synthetic Iron Oxide Pigments
These pigments are used in wood and paper stains, linoleum, oilcloth, paints, mortar, plaster, bricks, rubber and for other pigment able substances. The range of applications of synthetic Iron Oxide Pigments is longer than the Natural Iron Oxide Pigments.
Synthetic Iron Oxide are used in the following types of industry:
· Cement industry, to Colour every kind of cement, mortar, grout, pavements, tiles, blocks, etc.
· Paintings: primer, waterproof, enamels, decoration painting, coverings, etc.
· Plastics: master batch, PVC, etc.
· Paper industry: carton, mouthpiece for cigarettes, etc.
· Glass industry, abrasives, food for animals, cosmetics, skins rubber, asphalt, etc.
Today, there is a lot of varieties of Synthetic Iron Oxide Pigments are available in the market. These synthetic pigments are found in different colors, having superior uniformity, excellent quality and high purity. But, in reality, the Natural Iron Oxide Dyes are preferred over their counterparts. This is because of theirs ample availability and low cost of extraction.
Iron oxide pigments improve the physical and mechanical properties of substrates. They offer properties such as good color strength, heat & light stability, opacity, weather & chemical resistance, and durability to substrates. Iron oxide pigments provides colors to varieties of end user applications and are employed in numerous industries around the globe to provide permanent and stable coloring effects to the substrates. Pigments are also known as colorants, which are insoluble products that can be employed to impart colors to construction materials, paints, inks, plastics, papers, cosmetics, rubbers, concrete blocks, tiles, etc. Pigment molecules contain electrons that can occupy different energy levels when exposed to light. Pigments possess the ability to reflect or absorb light of specific wavelengths. This results in the appearance of colors.
Iron oxide pigments can be sub-divided into synthetic and natural iron oxide pigments. Synthetic iron oxide pigments are made from petrochemicals and waste metal ore slurry. Synthetic iron oxide pigments are cheap as compared to organic iron oxide pigments owing to low cost of raw material as well as synthetic iron oxide pigments have good dispersibility, high tinting strength, UV stability, excellent color intensity, and non-toxic properties. Natural iron oxide pigments are costly as compared with its synthetic counterpart owing to high cost of raw material. Natural iron oxide pigments are more durable and have excellent tinting strength as compared with synthetic pigments. Most of the natural iron oxide pigments are employed in paints & coatings and other automotive applications. Consumption of synthetic iron oxide pigments is much higher as compared with natural iron oxide pigments owing to low cost and high flexibility in varieties of applications in concretes, mortar, render, paving stones, tiles, laminate flooring, cosmetics, rubber, corrosion paints, industrial paints, architectural paints, and plastic materials. Growing construction activities, recovering economy in developed countries, and expanding infrastructure programs in combination with growing urbanization in developing economies, are the prime factors responsible for the growing consumption of iron oxide pigments around the globe.
Iron oxide pigments can be sub-divided into synthetic and natural iron oxide pigments. Synthetic iron oxide pigments are made from petrochemicals and waste metal ore slurry.
Synthetic iron oxide pigments are cheap as compared to organic iron oxide pigments owing to low cost of raw material as well as synthetic iron oxide pigments have good dispersibility, high tinting strength, UV stability, excellent color intensity, and non-toxic properties. Natural iron oxide pigments are costly as compared with its synthetic counterpart owing to high cost of raw material. Natural iron oxide pigments are more durable and have excellent tinting strength as compared with synthetic pigments.
Red color iron oxide pigments are consumed in majority followed by yellow and black pigments. These are the basic color pigments and are used in combinations to produce other colors. The most commonly used methods of manufacturing iron oxide pigments includes the Laux process.
Growing construction industry in Asia Pacific and the Middle East are anticipated to drive market growth over the next eight years. Favorable government regulations regarding environmentally friendly products coupled with technological advancements are expected to have a positive impact on market growth.
Iron oxide pigments in Asia Pacific shows huge growth potential due to the rising expectation of consumers. Moreover, demand for blend iron ore pigments is increasing at a higher rate globally. Construction is the largest end-use Industry. The improving economic conditions are driving the construction industry, which in turn is fueling the growth of iron oxide pigments market. Asia Pacific and Europe are the key market which together contribute more than half of the iron oxide pigments market.
Among end users, the coatings segment is expected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period. High demand of iron oxide pigments across varied applications, such as interior and exterior coatings, industrial coatings, protective coatings, wood coatings, automotive coatings, architectural coatings, and appliances coating, is expected to drive the consumption of iron oxide pigments in this segment.
Few Indian Major Players are as under:
· Coltech Chemicals (India) Ltd.
· Heubach Toyo Colour Pvt. Ltd.
· Lona Industries Ltd.
· Mallak Oilchem Pvt. Ltd.
· Anirox Pigments Ltd.
· Aquathane Chemicals Pvt. Ltd.
· Asahi Songwon Colors Ltd.
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