White Cement Manufacturing Industry. How to Start a Cement Manufacturing Factory? Cement Industry Poised for Faster Growth
White cement, as the name indicates, is a kind of cement with white color. White cement is similar to ordinary, gray Portland cement in all aspects except for its high degree of whiteness. Obtaining this color requires substantial modification to the method of manufacture, and because of this, it is somewhat more expensive than the gray product. The color of a structure is very important in the perspective of architectural point of view. White cement produces a concrete with perfect and uniform color throughout. It is possible to produces very light shades of pastels and other colors by adding pigments with white cement which are not possible with normally used gray Portland Cement. Besides, there are various uses of White Portland Cement.
White cement is extensively used as an alternative to gray cement owing to its value-added properties such as its ability to reflect heat and improved aesthetic appearance. The demand for white cement is higher among countries with hot environment conditions as more heat is reflected from the resulting white concrete surface when compared to standard gray concrete. In addition, it also serves as a readily available concrete ingredient that works well in many applications. It offers aesthetic and performance benefits to pavements, buildings, and other structures. It is also demanding in countries with advanced economies, where it is often used for the construction of innovative buildings and future landmarks. Furthermore, white cement serves as an integral part in structural designing such as in high rise buildings, bridges, and parking structures.
Applications of White Cement:
1. Architectural Decorative Designs
White cement helps in making marvelous architectural designs. White cement mixed with Colour pigments can give beautiful Colour combinations while retaining the strength of the design structure. They are used in false ceiling, decorative pillar structures, etc.
2. Designer Flooring
White cement, marble powder, marble chips / aggregates, Colour pigments combined together gives you a freedom of creating exclusive designer flooring.
3. Tile Grouting
White cement is used for filling the gaps in ceramic tiles, vitrified tiles and marble flooring. Mixing the white Cement with Colour pigments can help you match the tile Colour by creating an illusion of a single floor piece slab.
They are used as sealants to fill in the gaps after installing ceramic bathroom fixtures.
The white cement market is expected to register a significant growth during 2018 to 2023 (the forecast period). This tremendous growth is supported by the increasing construction activities in emerging economies.
White cement is produced from non-iron containing raw materials such as China clay and white limestone as well as with materials containing a low content of coloring elements such as Fe, Mn, Cr, and Ti. Moreover, white cement is manufactured in a separate kiln and is therefore more expensive than standard Portland cement. The most important property of white cement is its whiteness content. It is also manufactured in strength classes of 325, 400, and 475. It exhibits excellent aesthetic, decorative, and hydraulic binding features which improves its durability and strength as compared with gray cement. Furthermore, white cement finds enhanced utilization in the manufacture of architectural and decorative concrete, which is further utilized in applications such as terrazzo tiles, paints, pavers, as well as in pre-fabricated products such as artificial walls and tile adhesives.
At present, the global white cement market registers significant growth, owing to the increase in major applications of white cement for decoration. Moreover, growth in tradition of white buildings in countries such as Spain and Italy also augments the market demand. In addition, white cement-based prefabricated products such as tiles and pavers coupled with growth of tile industry have effectively helped to save time and labor, which further escalates the market growth. In addition, the need for buildings with distinctive style of vernacular architecture also boosts the production of global white cement. However, the lesser strength of white cement in comparison with ordinary Portland cement is expected to impede the market during the forecast period.
The white cement market can be segmented based on type, application, end-user, and region. In terms of type, the white cement market can be divided into white masonry cement, white Portland cement, and others. White masonry cement is mixed with masonry grade sand to produce mortar for usage in brick, block, and stone masonry construction. Portland cement is manufactured using chalk and clay. It hardens quickly when in contact with water. Other types of white cement are calcium aluminate cement and calcium sulfoaluminate cement. White cement is used in building and construction activities. It is combined with inorganic pigments that tend to produce bright colored concrete and mortar. The ability of white cement to be cast in any shape makes it ideal for usage in monuments, sculptures, and restoration of archeological sites. Based on end-user, the white cement market can be segregated into residential, industrial, and commercial. White cement is widely used for construction purposes in the residential industry. It is also employed in the development of infrastructure.
The Asia-Pacific construction sector is the largest in the world, and it is increasing at a healthy rate, due to the rapid industrialization of India, China, Japan, and Australia. Asia-Pacific is even anticipated to exhibit highest market growth during the forecast period, due to the presence of India, which is the second largest market for white cement with emerging infrastructure growth.
The growth of the global white cement market is driven by increase in demand for white cement in countries with hot climates, owing to its heat reflecting properties. In addition, rise in usage of white cement in construction of designer buildings and future landmarks fuels the market growth. Moreover, white cement finds extensive applications in the developing economies such as India and China, owing to high purchasing power, increase in per capita GDP, and rise in expenditure by the governments.
India exported about 6.22 million tonnes cement valued at `1,659 crore (including 2.85 million tonnes clinker, 2.28 million tonnes of portland grey cement and 0.03 million tonnes white cement) in 2015-16 to Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar, etc.
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