Wood Pulp Manufacturing Business. Setting up Pulp Production Plant. Pulp for Papermaking
Wood pulp is wood that has been cut up into small pieces and crushed. Wood pulp is used to make paper. The quality of wood pulp plays a major role in deciding the absorbing quality of sanitary napkins.
Wood pulp is naturally derived from trees, cotton and other plant materials. It’s lightweight, strong, a conductor of electricity, isn’t harmful to humans and can be produced at almost no cost.
Indeed, pulp mills are becoming more than just a source of wood pulp nowadays. The new generation of pulp mill is a platform for extracting environmentally-friendly and sustainable raw materials from wood for applications which have long been dominated by synthetic raw materials and chemicals.
Wood pulps may be classified into two general groups, mechanical and chemical. Mechanical pulp, generally called ground wood, is usually produced by a mechanical grinding process and is not further classified except as fine, coarse, or bleached. Chemical pulps are classed as unbleached sulfite (strong and news grade), bleached sulfite (dissolving and paper grade), bleached and unbleached sulfate (kraft), and soda. “Semi chemical” is a term applied to a process of cooking followed by mechanical treatment. Spruce, balsam fir, and hemlock are considered the best woods for sulfite and mechanical pulping; several varieties of pine are used for sulfate (kraft) pulping; hardwoods are pulped by all of the pulping processes.
Wood pulp is one of the most important global traded products due to its high demand in the paper production industry. The production and trade of wood pulp have become the most important industries in many countries. The pulp is a lignocellulosic fibrous material prepared by chemically or mechanically separating cellulose fibers from wood, fiber crops, or waste paper.
The increasing use of cellulose Nano fibers is one of the major trends being witnessed in the global dissolving wood pulp (DWP) market 2018-2022. Cellulose Nano fibers are fabricated via electro spinning of DWP and are widely used in various applications such as cosmetics manufacturing, food industry, and Nano composites. Cellulose Nano fibers can also be used to manufacture medicines, electronic devices, and filter materials. Thus, DWP producers will focus on the manufacturing of cellulose Nano fibers during the forecast period.
The global wood pulp market is expected to witness a CAGR of 2.1% during the forecast period (2018 – 2023). In 2015, US exported USD 8,704,333 thousand worth of wood pulp, while in the year 2016 the imports totaled USD 8,442,556 thousand. It exports most of if its wood pulp to China, India, Japan Canada, and Indonesia.
The most important factor driving the wood pulp industry is the growing global demand and consumption for tissue paper. The US is the largest consumer of tissue paper in the world, on an average 25 kg of tissue is used annually per person in the country. In the US, 37% of the tissue used is in the kitchen as kitchen towel.
A noticeable trend in the global pulp market is the solid adoption of chemical wood pulp for, fine manufacturing high quality paper. Further, semi-chemical pulping is used in preparing neutral solutions that find usage in cooking wood chips. The semi-chemical pulping is comparatively cheaper than pulp manufactured from other chemicals, and this is boding well for their uptake in manufacturing magazines, paper boards, cartons, and tissue paper.
Wood pulp imports are expected to increase from 18 million tonnes in 2014 to 20.7 million tonnes in 2017 and 24.3 million by 2022.
India is one of the largest importers of wood pulp in the world. With a population of about 1.2 billion people, the demand for paper and wood pulp is very high in India. Despite this harvesting timber for commercial use has been heavily restricted, therefore India has to import wood pulp to meet its growing domestic market demand. With a large population and limited resource access, India remains an attractive market for global wood pulp exporters.
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