Best Business Opportunities in Madhya Pradesh - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship
Minerals: Project Opportunities in Madhya Pradesh
Minerals are valuable natural resources being finite and non-renewable. They constitute the vital raw materials for many basic industries and are a major resource for development. Management of mineral resources has, therefore, to be closely integrated with the overall strategy of development; and exploitation of minerals is to be guided by long-term national goals and perspectives.
Madhya Pradesh has a unique geographical location - it is centrally located sharing borders with six States - and its vast mineral resources are great incentives for prospective investors. Being a mineral-rich State, it has tremendous potential for cement, ceramic and asbestos manufacturing industries. Besides, Madhya Pradesh is the only Indian State to have diamond mines. So cutting and polishing of diamonds can emerge as a major industrial activity here, fuelling the growth of the jewellery manufacturing industry. With 604,000 carats of proven diamond reserves it accounts for 99 per cent of Indian total reserves. It is the sole producer of diamonds in the country. Rich coal, copper, manganese, and dolomite reserves have attracted investors in large numbers. Madhya Pradesh is endowed with significant mineral resources. It also leads the country in the production of copper ore, slate, pyrophillite, diaspore, and is second in production of rock phosphate, clay and laterite. The state has the country’s largest open cast copper mine at Balaghat and the thickest coal seam of Asia at Singrauli coalfield in Sidhi district.
Mineral policy of the State aims to explore new mineral deposits and enhance the productivity of the existing ones. The objectives of the policy are to discover new mineral deposits; undertake systematic and scientific exploitation of minerals; exploit the minerals with minimum adverse impact on the environment and forest wealth; promote research and development of minerals; encourage mineral based industries; encourage export of minerals; create greater employment opportunity in the mineral sector; constitute a mineral advisory board. The state government today announced a new mining policy. A mining development fund is also proposed under the new policy, to rope in private partners for exploration of minerals.
Mineral Policy 2010:
· Survey, Prospecting and Assessment of Mineral Deposits
· Strengthening of Mineral Administration
· Prevention and Control of Illegal Mining and Transportation.
· Grant of Mineral Concessions and Priority under Section 11(5) of
· Mines and Mineral (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957
· Mineral Concession for Minerals Found in Abundance in State.
· Scientific and Systematic Mining
· Land Use and Sustainable Development
· Infrastructure Development in Peripheral area
· Sanction of Mineral Concessions in Notified Tribal Areas
· Environment and Forest Clearances
· Increase in Mineral Revenue
Food Processing: Project Opportunities in Madhya Pradesh
Food processing is a large sector that covers activities such as agriculture, horticulture, plantation, animal husbandry’s and fisheries. India is the world's second largest producer of food and has the potential of being the biggest with the food and agricultural sector. The total food production in India is likely to double in the next ten years and there is an opportunity for large investments in food and food processing technologies, skills and equipment, especially in areas of Canning, Dairy and Food Processing, Specialty Processing, Packaging, Frozen Food/Refrigeration and Thermo Processing. Fruits & Vegetables, Fisheries, Milk & Milk Products, Meat & Poultry, Packaged/Convenience Foods, Alcoholic Beverages & Soft Drinks and Grains are important sub-sectors of the food processing industry. India is one of the worlds major food producers but accounts for less than 1.5 per cent of international food trade.
Madhya Pradesh is the fourth largest producer of agri products in India with lowest consumption of fertilizer per hectare. The state ranks first in the production of soyabean, gram, oilseeds, pulses, and linseeds, maize. Agriculture is the main stay of the State economy, with about 74% of the population depended on it. Kharif crops occupies about 56% out of the total cropped area in the State, while rabi crops occupies about 44% of the area. Madhya Pradesh is the third highest producer of food grains (14.10 m. metric tonne) in the country. The major crops grown in the State are paddy, wheat, maize and jowar among cereals; gram, tur, urad and moong among pulses; soyabean, groundnut and mustard among oilseeds. The commercial crops like cotton and sugarcane are also grown in considerable area in few districts. The State is placed fourth in wheat production and eighth in rice production in the country. Thus, the agro-based industries have great potential for development in the State. The State Government is also making all efforts for the development of horticulture in the State. State is known as large producer of ginger, garlic, turmeric, chilli, coriander, banana, guava, tomato, oranges, papaya, etc. It has a vast scope to invest in this field. Besides, some medicinal crops and narcotic crops are also grown in the State.
· Most of the processed food items have been exempted from the purview of licensing under the Industries, Development and regulation, Act, 1951, except items reserved for small-scale sector and alcoholic beverages.
· As per extent policy Foreign Direct Investment up to 100% is permitted under the automatic route in the food infrastructure like Food Park, Cold Chain and warehousing.
· As far as food retail is concerned the FDI policy does not permit FDI into retail sector except Single Brand Product Retailing. This policy is uniform for all retailing activity.
· FDI policy for manufacture of items reserved for the Small Scale Industry sector is uniform for all items so reserved and a separate dispensation for items in the food-processing sector is not contemplated.
· No industrial license is required for almost all of the food and agro processing industries except for some items like beer, potable alcohol and wines, cane sugar, hydrogenated animal fats and oils etc. and items reserved for exclusive manufacture in the small scale sector.
· Custom duty rates have been substantially reduced on food processing plant and equipments, as well as on raw materials and intermediates, especially for export production.
· Corporate taxes have been reduced and there is a shift towards market related interest rates. There are tax incentives for new manufacturing units for certain years, except for industries like beer, wine, aerated water using flavouring concentrates, confectionery, chocolates etc.
Auto & Auto Components: Project Opportunities in Madhya Pradesh
Indian auto component industry is robustly driven by the growth in demand for automobiles. The Indian auto component industry has been navigating through a period of rapid changes with great élan. Driven by global competition and the recent shift in focus of global automobile manufacturers, business rules are changing and liberalisation has had sweeping ramifications for the industry. The Indian auto component sector has been growing at 20% per annum since 2000 and is projected to maintain the high-growth phase of 15-20% till 2015. The Indian auto component industry is one of the few sectors in the economy that has a distinct global competitive advantage in terms of cost and quality. The value in sourcing auto components from India includes low labour cost, raw material availability, technically skilled manpower and quality assurance.
The size of the auto component industry in the state is $306 million. Sixty per cent of the auto industry in Madhya Pradesh is dominated by auto component players. The state has developed a 5,000-ha industrial cluster at Pithampur, which provides readily available infrastructure for companies willing to set up manufacturing facilities. The Government of India has sanctioned $11 million for an auto cluster in the Pithampur industrial area.
In order to develop and realize the growth potential of this sector both at domestic and global level, and to optimize its contribution to the national economy, the Department of Heavy Industry has decided to draw up a 10 year Mission Plan for the development of Indian Automotive Sector and creation of global hub. To put Indian Auto Industry at the global map, National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project (NATRIP) at the total cost of Rs. 1718 crore has been initiated. This project principally aims to:
· create critically needed automotive testing infrastructure to enable the government in ushering in global vehicular safety, emission and performance standard,
· deepen manufacturing in India, promote larger value addition and performance standards and facilitates convergence of India's strength and IT and electronics with automotive engineering,
· enhance India's abysmally low global outreach in this sector by debottlenecking exports, and
· Provide basic product testing, validation and development infrastructure so that Indian automotive sector would not face any export obstacle in the foreign market In the Union Budget 2007-08, import duty on raw material had been reduced to 5-7.5 per cent from the earlier 10 per cent.
Textiles: Project Opportunities in Madhya Pradesh
Textile industry is one of the major contributors to the total output of the fast growing Indian industrial sector which is at present revolving around 14%. India Textile Industry is one of the leading textile industries in the world. The opening up of economy gave the much-needed thrust to the Indian textile industry, which has now successfully become one of the largest in the world. India textile industry largely depends upon the textile manufacturing and export. It also plays a major role in the economy of the country. India earns about 27% of its total foreign exchange through textile exports. Further, the textile industry of India also contributes nearly 14% of the total industrial production of the country. It also contributes around 3% to the GDP of the country. India textile industry is also the largest in the country in terms of employment generation. It not only generates jobs in its own industry, but also opens up scopes for the other ancillary sectors.
Madhya Pradesh is famous for its extensive history of textiles. The most famous textile products in Madhya Pradesh include the Chanderi and Maheshwari Sarees. The handicrafts of Madhya Pradesh are a reflection of the rich culture and tradition of this state. The type of raw materials that are implemented might have changed throughout the years and the usage of the products manufactured has also changed but an extensive history of textile industries in the state keeps on contributing to the extremely unique handicrafts industry of the state.
The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.
Cement Industry: Project Opportunities in Madhya Pradesh
India is the second largest producer of quality cement in the world. The cement industry in India comprises 139 large cement plants and over 365 mini cement plants. The cement industry in India is experiencing a boom on account of overall growth of the Indian economy. The demand for cement, being a derived demand, depends mainly on the industrial activities, real estate business, construction activities and investment in the infrastructure sector. India is experiencing growth in all these areas and hence the cement market is moving ahead in spite of the world-wide economic recession. The cement industry in India is dominated by around 20 companies, which account for almost 70% of the total cement production in India.
Madhya Pradesh is the third largest producer of cement in the country. It is rich in cement producing minerals and has the appropriate know how and knowledge pool to run cement plant. At present, several major groups like Birla Corporation, Vikram cement, Prism cement, Diamond cements, Maihar cement and ACC Cement are growing manufacturing plants in Madhya Pradesh.
In India, the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, is the nodal agency for the development of cement industries, that is, it is involved in monitoring their performance at regular intervals and suggesting suitable policy incentives, as per the requirement. Growth in domestic cement demand is expected to remain strong, given the revival in the housing markets, continued Government spending on the rural sector, and the gradual increase in the number of infrastructure projects being executed by the private sector. Thus, the trend in demand growth seen during the last five years is expected to continue over the medium term. Also, with Government targeting an over 8% GDP growth rate, cement demand should grow at 8-10% over the next few years. The industry may be expected to add another 130-135 million tonnes of cement capacity in phases over the next four years, that is, during the period 2009-10 to 2012-13.
Tourism: Project Opportunities in Madhya Pradesh
Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry in India is substantial and vibrant, and the country is fast becoming a major global destination. India’s travel and tourism industry is one of them most profitable industries in the country, and also credited with contributing a substantial amount of foreign exchange. Indian Tourism offers a potpourri of different cultures, traditions, festivals, and places of interest.
Madhya Pradesh is called the Heart of India because of its location in the centre of the country. It has been home to the cultural heritage of Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism etc. Innumerable monuments, exquisitely carved temples, stupas, forts & palaces are dotted all over the State. The State of Madhya Pradesh has innumerable sites for tourist attraction ranging from preserved medieval cities and wildlife sanctuaries to pilgrim centres. It includes monuments, archaeological sites, carved temples, stupas, forts, palaces, etc. Gwalior, Mandu, Datia, Chanderi, Jabalpur, Orchha, Raisen, Sanchi, Vidisha, Udaygiri, Bhimbetika, Indore and Bhopal are the places well-known for their historical monuments. Archaeological treasures are preserved in the museums at Satna, Sanchi, Vidisha, Gwalior, Indore, Mandsaur, Ujjain, Rajgarh, Bhopal, Jabalpur and Rewa. Unique temples of Khajuraho are famous all over the world. The temples of Orchha, Bhojpur and Udaypur attract large number of tourists as well as pilgrims. Maheshwar, Omkareshwar, Ujjain, Chitrakoot and Amarkantak are major centres of pilgrimage. Other important places of tourist interest in the State are Pachmarhi, Marble Rocks, Dhuandhar Fall at Bhedaghat, Kanha National Park, Barasingha and Bandhavgarh National Park. Given this, the Government of Madhya Pradesh had envisaged a tourism policy in order to create an environment conducive for encouraging private investment in the tourism sector. It is one of the major objectives is to promote eco and adventure tourism. Eco-Tourism is that form of tourism in which the tourist is able to enjoy nature and see wild life in its natural habitat. Adventure tourism provides the tourist with a special thrill and feeling of adventure whilst participating in sporting activities in rivers, water bodies, hills and mountains.
Some of the salient features of the Tourism Policy are:
· The policy proposes the inclusion of tourism in the concurrent list of the Constitution to enable both the central and state governments to participate in the development of the sector.
· No approval required for foreign equity of up to 51 per cent in tourism projects. NRI investment up to 100% allowed.
· Automatic approval for Technology agreements in the hotel industry, subject to the fulfilment of certain specified parameters.
· Concession rates on customs duty of 25% for goods that are required for initial setting up, or for substantial expansion of hotels.
· 50% of profits derived by hotels, travel agents and tour operators in foreign exchange are exempt from income tax. The remaining profits are also exempt if reinvested in a tourism related project.
Gems and Jewellery: Project Opportunities in Madhya Pradesh
The gems and jewellery industry occupies an important position in the Indian economy. It is a leading foreign exchange earner, as well as one of the fastest growing industries in the country. The two major segments of the sector in India are gold jewellery and diamonds. Gold jewellery forms around 80 per cent of the Indian jewellery market, with the balance comprising fabricated studded jewellery that includes diamond and gemstone studded jewellery. Besides, India is world's largest cutting and polishing Industry for diamonds, well supported by government policies and the banking sector with around 50 banks providing nearly $3 billion of credit to the Indian diamond industry.
Madhya Pradesh is the only Indian State to have diamond mines. So cutting and polishing of diamonds can emerge as a major industrial activity here, fuelling the growth of the jewellery manufacturing industry. With 604,000 carats of proven diamond reserves it accounts for 99 per cent of Indian total reserves. It is the sole producer of diamonds in the country.
The government's interest in the sector is evident from the FDI policy which allows 100% FDI and 74% in exploration and mining of diamonds and precious stones and 100% for gold and silver and minerals exploration, mining, metallurgy and processing. Gems and Jewellery, diamonds and precious metals have been given a special thrust by the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India, under the Foreign Trade Policy through the following measures:
· Allowing 100 per cent FDI in the gems and jewellery sector under the automatic route;
· Abolishing duty on polished diamonds;
· Lowering import duty on platinum and exempting rough, coloured, precious gems stones from customs duty. Rough, semi –precious stones are also exempted from import duty;
· Setting up of Gems and Jewellery Parks and SEZs to stimulate sectoral investments;
· Allowing import of gold of 8 k and above under replenishment scheme, subject to the condition that import being accompanied by an Assay Certificate specifying purity, weight and alloy content;
Permitting import of Diamondson consignment basis for Certification /Grading, and re-export by the authorized offices/agencies of Gemological Institute of America (GIA) in India or other approved agencies.
Waste management: Project Opportunities in Madhya Pradesh
Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.
Madhya Pradesh produces roughly around 7,999 tonnes of electronic waste annually and it stands at 7th place in waste generation in the country, he added. As Madhya Pradesh does not have a recycling unit for electronic waste, we are thinking over sending it to Maharashtra and other states
National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.
Power: Project Opportunities in Madhya Pradesh
The power industry is responsible for the production and delivery of electrical energy in sufficient quantities via a power grid. Given the demand for electricity is uniform across all domestic, industrial and commercial operations, power is viewed as a public utility and basic infrastructure. The electrical power industry is commonly split up into four processes, namely, electricity generation (e.g. power station), electric power transmission, electricity distribution and electricity retailing. In many countries, electric power companies own the whole infrastructure from generating stations to transmission and distribution infrastructure. For this reason, electric power is viewed as a natural monopoly and is thus heavily regulated.
Madhya Pradesh is well endowed with hydroelectric power potential, and a number of hydroelectric projects have been developed jointly with neighbouring states. Madhya Pradesh also draws a portion of its power from several thermal stations located within the state. Most of these thermal plants are coal-fired. Madhya Pradesh Power Generating Co. Ltd (MPPGCL) is a wholly owned company of Government of Madhya Pradesh engaged in generation of electricity in the state of Madhya Pradesh. It is a successor entity of erstwhile Madhya Pradesh State Electricity Board (MPSEB). The Company, while operating and maintaining its existing units, is also constructing new Power Plants for increasing capacity in the State of Madhya Pradesh. The Company has been incorporated as a part of the implementation of the power sector reform in Madhya Pradesh initiated by the Government of Madhya Pradesh. There are four thermal power station in MP; Satpura TPS in Betul having installed capacity of 1017.5 MW, Sanjay Gandhi TPS in Umaria with capacity 1340 MW, Amarkantak TPS in Anuppur with capacity 450 MW and Vindhyachal STP in Sidhi with capacity 3260 MW.
The Government of India has modified the Mega Power Policy to smoothen the procedures further. The modified Mega Power Policy is as follows:
(i) The power projects with the following threshold capacity shall be eligible for the benefit of mega power policy:
(a) A thermal power plant of capacity 1000 MW or more; or
(b) A hydel power plant of capacity of 500 MW or more
(c) Government has decided to extend mega policy benefits to brownfield (expansion) projects also. In case of brownfield (expansion) phase of the existing mega project, size of the expansion unit(s) would not be not less than that provided in the earlier phase of the project granted mega power project certificate.
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