Best Business Opportunities in Maharashtra - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship
Automotive Sector: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra
The automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world and one of the fastest growing globally. A sound transportation system plays a pivotal role in a country’s rapid economic and industrial development. The well-developed Indian automotive industry ably fulfils this catalytic role by producing a wide variety of vehicles. The automobile industry comprises automobile and auto component sectors. It includes passenger cars; light, medium and heavy commercial vehicles; multi-utility vehicles such as jeeps, scooters, motorcycles, three-wheelers and tractors; and auto components like engine parts, drive and transmission parts, suspension and braking parts, and electrical, body and chassis part. The automotive industry designs, develops, manufactures, markets, and sells motor vehicles, and is one of the world's most important economic sectors by revenue. Indian automotive sector is a key contributor to the economic growth. India is World’s second largest two wheeler market, Asia’s third largest passenger vehicle market and World’s fourth largest commercial vehicle and tractor market. Maharashtra has strongly emerged as the top destination in India for automobile sector with a strong presence across the value chain.
Maharashtra accounts for approximately 33% of the country’s output of automobiles by value. Major automobile clusters in the state are Pune, Nasik, Aurangabad and Nagpur. Maharashtra is the leading producer of heavy and commercial vehicles in the country. Auto and auto ancillaries contribute to 9% of Maharashtra’s manufacturing strength. Maharashtra has a strong skilled labour base supporting the automotive industry. The state offers a strong educational infrastructure with technical institutions providing automobile engineering courses across the state. India's premier automotive R&D, testing and certification organisation, Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI) is present in Pune. India’s first Auto Cluster Development and Research Institute are in the state.
Policy aims to promote integrated, phased, enduring and self-sustained growth of the Indian automotive industry. Special policies for Auto industry make it a lucrative investment sector.
· Exalt the sector as a lever of industrial growth and employment and to achieve a high degree of value addition in the country; Promote a globally competitive automotive industry and emerge as a global source for auto components
· Establish an international hub for manufacturing small, affordable passenger cars and a key centre for manufacturing Tractors and Two-wheelers in the world. Ensure a balanced transition to open trade at a minimal risk to the Indian economy and local industry
· Conduce incessant modernization of the industry and facilitate indigenous design, research and development
· Assist development of vehicles propelled by alternate energy sources;
· Automatic approval for foreign equity investment of up to 100 per cent for manufacturing of auto components.
· Setting up of a technology modernization fund, with special emphasis on SMEs and encouragement to establish development centres for SMEs.
· Increasing exports and related infrastructure and streamlining training/research institutions around auto hubs.
· Setting up of automotive training institutes and auto design centres, special auto parks and auto component virtual SEZs
· To enhance and upgrade the testing and validation infrastructure and establish centres of excellence for automotive R&D.
· Lowering of excise duty on small cars, increasing budgetary allocation for R&D activities and lowering duty regime in general.
· Weighted increase in the in-house R&D expenditure from 150% to 200% and from 120% to 175% on outsourced R&D expenditure.
Chemical Sector: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra
Chemical industry is one of the oldest industries in India. It not only plays a crucial role in meeting the daily needs of the common man, but also contributes significantly towards industrial and economic growth of the nation. The industry, including petro-chemicals, and alcohol-based chemicals, has grown at a pace outperforming the overall growth of the industry. India’s chemical industry contributes close to 3% to country’s GDP (2009). India is expected to grow at more than 11% till 2011 at almost double growth rate of the global industry. The chemical industry accounts for about 17.6% of the output of the manufacturing sector and around 11% in total exports of the country. The industry registered a growth of 16% from FY 2005 to 2010 In terms of volume, India is 12th largest in the world and 2nd largest in the developing world after China, Maharashtra has strong presence in chemical, petrochemicals, oil and gas sector. Maharashtra contributes 27.4% of total chemicals, petrochemicals and oil and gas output and around 15% of the total production of basic petrochemical products in India. Mumbai, Nagothane, Rabale & Patalganga are major petrochemical hubs while Thane, Mumbai, Pune and Wardha are chemical hubs.
Maharashtra has a well developed chemical and petrochemicals sector that has been doing extremely well on the economic front. The chemical industry in Maharashtra is among the main industries which has an important contribution to the economy of the state. There are many categories of the chemical industries in Maharashtra such as agrochemicals, dye & pigments, inorganic chemicals, petrochemicals, polymers, textile chemicals, pharmaceuticals etc. Chemical sector has been traditionally strong in Maharashtra with specific strength in Raw materials, Building Block production and Value Addition & Processing with clusters located in the Mumbai, Thane, Pune belt. Maharashtra has a strong skilled labour base supporting the chemical industry. The state offers a strong educational infrastructure with technical institutions providing Chemical engineering courses across the state. There is a strong resource pool and backward linkages with the well-developed chemicals and petrochemicals sector serves as an added advantage. All major domestic and number of global chemicals & petrochemicals players have a presence in the state. It contributes 27.4 per cent of the country's chemicals, petrochemicals and oil & gas output. The state also accounts for 18.2 per cent of the country's employment in the sector. The chemical sector in the country is expected to grow at 15 per cent per annum till 2010 and thus, presents ample opportunities for the state. Opportunities would primarily exist in the areas of polymers & plastics, fertilisers and synthetic yarns. Some of the names are Hindustan Petroleum, Bharat Petroleum, Reliance Industries, and Indo-Rama Synthetics. Maharashtra has a strong presence in the chemicals, petrochemicals, and oil and gas sector.
· Licensing requirements have been removed, except for hazardous chemicals and a few special drugs.
· Entrepreneurs are allowed to set up chemicals industries following the Industrial Entrepreneurs Memorandum (IEM) route.
· Under the automatic route, 100% FDI is allowed for all chemicals except hazardous chemicals.
· In the Union Budget 2009-10, the Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals was granted an outlay of USD 5.12 Billion
· To mitigate the impact of anti dumping, Government has imposed 20% safeguard on soda ash
· The peak rate of customs duty on most chemicals is 7.5%.
· Plans are underway to set up port-based chemicals parks in SEZs to encourage clustering, provide infrastructure and enable tax concessions.
· 16% excise duty on almost all chemicals
· Downstream SEZs have been planned to use the output of chemicals parks
Food and Agro Sector: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra
India is one of the world’s largest producers as well as consumers of food and food products Maharashtra is a bio-diverse state with 9 agro climatic zones and varying soil types, suitable for agricultural development. The export from Maharashtra for fresh vegetables and fruits accounts for 30% and for processed food products is almost 50%. Mumbai port (MPT) and Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT) are major ports used for exporting processed food products. The state has a strong skill base with a total of 73 institutions with an intake capacity of 5,895 students including 4 Agriculture Universities and 5 national level research organizations. Maharashtra has 8 Agricultural Export Zones (AEZ).
Reaching top most position in the country Maharashtra is India’s leading agriculture state. The state has achieved many innovative agro-industrial ventures, the sugar co-operative and cooperatives for cultivating and marketing, including exports of grapes, mangoes, strawberries etc. Wide availability of varied horticultural produce due to varied range of climate & soil conditions offers tremendous scope to flourish state’s processing industry to increase the processing & value addition from present 1.5% to reach up to 35% of total produce. Bio-diverse state with 9 agro climatic zones and varying soil types is suitable for agricultural development. Maharashtra is the major horticulture state with more than 22.04 lakh hectares area under horticulture and 4.48 lakh hectare area under vegetables. Alphonso Mangoes accounts for 90% of India’s export in mangoes. It leads sugar industry with 201 sugar factories. The export from Maharashtra for fresh vegetables and fruits accounts for 30% and for processed food products is almost 50%. Maharashtra has the highest gross value addition to food products in the country 16.18%. Maharashtra has eight Agri Export Zones spread across the state for Grapes and Grape Wine, Mangoes, Kesar Mango, Flowers, Onion, Pomegranate, Banana and Oranges. It also has additional five crop cluster for Cashew, Sapota, Sweet Orange, Fig and Custard Apple.
Maharashtra Government initiatives are very unique to make agriculture, horticulture, Agri business, Food Processing industry highly competitive and successful in the country.
· Reimbursement of 50% of the net VAT paid, instead of 25%;
· 5% interest subsidy on term loans for fixed capital investment for 5 years;
· In the case of products attracting zero VAT, incentives against the amount of VAT retained and not refunded on input purchases.
· Eligibility criteria (additional investment of 25% subject to a minimum of INR 1 crore) for providing incentives in the case of expansions under PSI 2007
· The National Horticulture Mission (NHM) provides 50% of the capital cost with a cap of Rs. 3 lakh per unit for basic infrastructure.
Textile Sector: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra
The textile industry occupies a leading position in the hierarchy of the Indian manufacturing industry. It has witnessed several new directions in the era of liberalization. While textile exports are increasing and India has become the largest exporter in world trade in cotton yarn and is an important player of readymade garments, country’s international textile trade constitutes a mere 3% of the total world textile trade The textile industry is one of the most important pillars of the Indian economy. It contributes about 4% to the GDP, and 17% to the country’s export earnings. It provides direct employment to over 35 million people. Indian textile industry is estimated to be at USD 51.4 billion. The industry accounts for 4% of the country’s GDP and 14% of its industrial production. Maharashtra contributes to about 10.4% to India’s textiles and apparels output. Maharashtra has the largest area under cultivation for cotton (33.4%). The State has witnessed 122 major textile projects with an investment of USD 224 Million. There exists largest number of the sectors 100% export oriented units, with a count of 560 are based in Maharashtra.
Maharashtra contributes to about 10.4% to India’s textiles and apparels output. Cotton is available in bulk in Maharashtra which is one of the key factors that have enabled the state to establish a competitive edge. Vidarbha region has a predominant cotton production, while western region is famous for spinning mills. The major clusters of Maharashtra for the industry are Kolhapur, Mumbai, Nagpur, Nashik, Pune, Sangli, Satara, Sholapur and Thane. The State has witnessed 122 major textile projects with an investment of USD 224 Million. There are largest numbers of the sectors 100% export oriented units, with a count of 560 are based in Maharashtra. Maharashtra has abundant raw material availability, cost effective labour pool, growing domestic market & presence across value chain.
The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The Government of India recently announced the new National Textile Policy (NTP), with the objective of facilitating the industry to attain and sustain a pre-eminent global standing in the manufacture and export of clothing.
· Suitable incentive either in capital or in the form of Interest subsidy shall be provided to the Textile units including spinning and ginning pressing units to promote employment.
· Credit based capital subsidy or suitable interest subsidy on capital investment and working capital shall be provided to the upcoming Textile units including spinning and ginning units to make them self reliance.
· Providing Technological Upgradation support to the Textile sector under Technological upgradation Fund (TUF) scheme.
· Setting up of Textile Parks preferably in Vidarbha, Marathwada and Khandesh Region.
· Rationalize debt equity ratio with special consideration in Marathwada, Vidarbha and Khandesh region.
· Development of Infrastructure facilities with integration from fibre to garment manufacturing.
· Pilot projects for power looms in Malegaon and Bhiwandi, Nanded and Nagpur.
Small-Scale Industries: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra
Small Scale Industries may sound small but actually plays a very important part in the overall growth of an economy. Small Scale Industries can be characterized by the unique feature of labour intensiveness. The small scale industries sector plays a vital role in the growth of the country. It contributes almost 40% of the gross industrial value added in the Indian economy. It has been estimated that a million Rs. of investment in fixed assets in the small scale sector produces 4.62 million worth of goods or services with an approximate value addition of ten percentage points. The small-scale sector has grown rapidly over the years. The growth rates during the various plan periods have been very impressive.
The Maharashtra Small Scale Industries Development Corporation Ltd., popularly known as MSSIDC, was established with a view to giving a new orientation and strength to the development of Small Scale Industries in the State of Maharashtra. The main objective of MSSIDC is to aid, counsel, assist, finance, protect and promote the interests of Small Industries. The Corporation renders assistance to approximately 30000 SSI units in the State. MSSIDC plays a vital role in revival, development and growth of traditional handicrafts of Maharashtra by responding to the diversified need s of rural artisans and marketing their products in India as well as abroad. Over the years, MSSIDC has grown to become India's leading Small Scale Industries Development Corporation, continuously responding to the expanding and diversified needs of Small Scale Industries, Village and Cottage Industries, providing support services like Training and Entrepreneurship Development Programme.
The Policy for Small Enterprises aims to create a congenial atmosphere conducive to the healthy growth of the Small Scale Sector in the State. The broad policy objectives are enumerated below:
· To achieve an annual growth rate of 15%.
· To assist the small scale industries in the State to become competitive, domestically as well as internationally.
· To increase employment generation - particularly by promoting the labour intensive segments.
· To improve the export performance of the SSI sector by providing adequate support services.
· To create a more congenial and hassle-free environment for the functioning of the SSI sector
· To help the SSI sector acquire new technologies and skills so as to compete effectively in the market place.
· To promote appropriate linkages between the large and small scale sectors in the interest of harmonious industrial development.
· To strive to promote an appropriate institutional mechanism to revive sick industries
· To encourage SSI units to grow vertically and graduate, in the course of time, from small scale to medium and large scale unit.
Information Technology Industry: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra
Information Technology (IT) industry in India is one of the fastest growing industries. Indian IT industry has built up valuable brand equity for itself in the global markets. The Information technology industry in India has gained a brand identity as a knowledge economy due to its IT and ITES sector. The IT–ITES industry has two major components: IT Services and business process outsourcing (BPO). The growth in the service sector in India has been led by the IT–ITES sector, contributing substantially to increase in GDP, employment, and exports. The sector has increased its contribution to India's GDP from 6.1% in 2009-10 to 6.4% in 2010-11. India is a preferred destination for companies looking to offshore their IT and back-office functions. It also retains its low-cost advantage and is a financially attractive location when viewed in combination with the business environment it offers and the availability of skilled people.
Considering Maharashtra’s strengths in terms of human resources, connectivity and infrastructure, and the special significance of Information Technology (IT) for generating employment, increasing efficiency and improving the quality of life, the State Government announced its first IT Policy in 1998. It was followed by the IT and IT Enabled Services (ITES) Policy in 2003 which provided comprehensive support for the further development of this sector in Maharashtra. Information technology (IT) sector in tier two cities like Nagpur, Aurangabad and Nashik are any indication, Maharashtra is all set to emerge as the next IT hub, after Bangalore and Hyderabad. So far, the growth of IT industry in the state has been concentrated in the Pune-Mumbai stretch. However, with the new focus in place, tier two cities are expected to mushroom as key IT centres.
Government of Maharashtra has been supporting development of industry and business through a series of far-reaching policy initiatives. The Information Technology industry has been an important thrust area and has been receiving government support. During the last five years, the Government focussed on HRD, IT related infrastructure, fiscal incentives to IT units, IT in Governance and Institutional Framework for the IT sector. These initiatives have enabled the IT industry in the State to establish an initial lead and a firm foundation for a quantum leap has been laid. Exports of software and ITES from the State presently account for about 20% share of the country’s exports. These exports have registered an annual growth of more than 30% during the last four years. The whole State has been connected through an Optical Fibre Cable Network and a state wide network of competent training institutions has been established for building a pool of world-class IT professionals for providing strength and support to the IT industry in the State.
Biotechnology industry: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra
Biotechnology deals with living systems, including plants, animals and microbes. Biotechnology derives its strength by harnessing biological processes that sustain life. It incorporates any technique, which uses living organisms, parts of organisms and enzymes, proteins, etc., which are either naturally occurring or are derived from such living systems. Such techniques can be used to make or modify the products, improve plant or animal productivity or develop microorganisms for special use. Emerging Biotechnology uses recombinant DNA, cell fusion, embryo manipulation, etc. Biotechnology has the potential to transform the lives of the people in the State by impacting hugely on agriculture, animal husbandry, health, environmental protection, material transformation, etc. Further, Maharashtra has the potential to become a leader in Biotechnology, not only in the country but also in the entire world.
The State has an excellent intellectual infrastructure. Through nearly 1000 institutions, it produces around 163,000 trained technical personnel each year. The State has already set up specialised parks for different sections including IT. The bio-industrial enterprises cannot sustain themselves unless they are backed up by a highly trained and skilled human resource. Some of the best Centres of excellence in India that are present in Maharashtra do precisely that. These include the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Indian Institute of Technology, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, University Department of Chemical Technology, and the Cancer Research Institute, all at Mumbai. The Animal Diseases Investigations Laboratory, Pune involved in diagnosis and research of animal diseases, especially in four States of the Western region of the country, has been recognised as reference laboratory by Government of India. New forward looking initiatives in providing specialized education in Biotechnology have already begun to emerge. A number of defence research establishments in the State have been engaged in conducting cutting edge research in Biomedicals, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology.
Maharashtra government is trying to develop biotech industry in the state in order to help to develop affordable and more cost effective drugs and devices to counter diseases common to India and to tropical and sub-tropical areas to reduce the disease burden. To lead the biotechnology industry in the State to a growth path from where it can become globally competitive, the following steps would be taken:
• Providing the appropriate policy framework which will smoothen its path;
• Providing adequate infrastructure, especially in the form of Biotechnology Parks
• Providing an appropriate package of incentives
• Developing a world-class higher education and research base to serve the needs of a growing Biotechnology industry and for creating high quality employment in the State
• Creating supporting institutions for the Biotechnology industry for the development of human resource as well as for the applications of Biotechnology
• Simplifying the application of labour and other laws and procedures to accelerate the development and growth of the biotechnology industry
• Facilitating new ventures and innovations
Waste management: Project Opportunities in Maharashtra
Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.
There are 250 urban local bodies (ULBs) in Maharashtra which comprises 23 Municipal Corporations, 220 Municipal Councils, 3 Cantonment Boards and 4 Nagar Pachayats. Per capita MSW generation in various towns of the state ranges 100 to 600 gram per day. For class I cities in Maharashtra, the waste generation rates are in the range of 14 to 63 kg per capita per day, which includes Mumbai having the highest range of 0.63 kg per capita per day (pcpd). The average waste generation rate for the state is estimated as 35 kg pcpd. As per the projection, the waste quantities are estimated to increase from 6.18 million tons per year in the year 2004 to 8.05 million tons per year in 2011 and 11.77 million tons per year in 2021. In total over 21632.3 tons per day (TPD) of MSW is generated of which around 50% is generated in Mumbai (8500 TPD), Thane (680 TPD), Pune (1740 TPD) and Kalyan (1050 TPD). Compare to other Metropolitan cities in India, MSW generation is highest in Mumbai. Available data indicates that Waste generated in Maharashtra contains about 55% of Non-biodegradable and 45% biodegradable components.
National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.
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